Companies deal with a lot of documentation. Each department files its paperwork, then it’s evaluated at the end of each quarter. If there is a special event or an important project, the need to access those documents becomes more important. Data rooms enable such access in one place. 

What is a data room?

A data room is a file repository with additional security measures used in all kinds of deals and projects. It is a space where documents can be stored, accessed, and shared. There are two types of data rooms:

  • The physical data room is limited to the space and the number of people that can simultaneously access the files.
  • A virtual data room is the most advanced version of a data room because it no longer requires a physical space or staff to oversee the data room. This online cloud space has all the functionality of a physical room but without the need to rent a space or employ staff to run the space. 
virtual data room

Data room features 

The first and foremost feature of each data room is secure file storage. Security guards and other staff take care of the files and schedule visiting sessions for the interested parties in a physical location. Authorized personnel with viewing permissions have access to hard copy documents. 

If a company chooses to digitize its files, virtual data rooms are more convenient when it comes to the secure file storage feature of a data room. With professional security protocols, multi-factor authentication, and end-to-end encryption, this is a much safer way of storing documents. Combined with permission settings, it is almost twice as secure as a physical data room without the need to worry about staffing.

Main functions of a data room

Apart from providing a space to store the documents in a secure way, data rooms also have the following functions:

  • A space to access the documents. During important deals, a variety of documents are looked through by the interested party. This is one of the reasons for creating a data room.
  • Cooperation between departments. When different company departments need to cooperate on one multi-disciplinary project, a data room can provide them with the required files. 
  • Simplified due diligence. Deals like M&A require the target company to show their financial records. Putting all the documents into a physical data room is more complicated and cumbersome, but with the help of new technological advancements, this is no longer an issue.
  • Keeping track of files. While storing important documents, it is also much easier to know how many documents the company has. An electronic data room makes tracking files much more convenient. 

Who uses data rooms?

You have probably used or heard about Google Drive. Many of us use it to share pictures, movies, or even books with our friends and family. 

Corporations use a data room the same way the average person uses  Google Drive — but with increased security measures. They send out access links to the interested parties or employees within the company to share important files. 

It is not industry-dependent, as each company deals with some sort of paperwork or project and can utilize a virtual data room to its full extent. It is also much easier to see who has access to what company files and estimate the interest of potential investors through this kind of dataroom.

Main benefits of using a data room 

As mentioned above, the main features of the data room are the storage space and the security measures. Here are the main benefits  of using an online data room in your business.

  • Easier file sharing. When everything is in one place, it is much easier to share documents with colleagues. When you are in your virtual data room, you can give and revoke permission to access important files in your virtual dataroom.
  • Security . Access to physical data rooms could result in a confidence breach, but their modern counterparts have special measures put in place to make sure that something like this never happens. With state-of-the-art defense against cyberattacks and an array of permission settings, file leaks are almost impossible.
  • Not bound by location. Online data rooms are virtual cloud-based spaces,  so authorized users can access them from anywhere with an internet connection. Cross-border deals have never been easier with a tool like a virtual data room.


Data rooms are tools that help companies manage their files. With the help of the newest iteration of data rooms —  the virtual data room — sorting those documents has never been easier. Security protocols, permission settings, and tools that fit into the workflow of the company are just some of the features that make a virtual data room an important asset to the company. 

We hope that this guide was helpful, and after reading it, you won’t ever have to ask, “What is a virtual data room?” again.